In the previous lesson we learned how important it is to learn the guitar notes of the open strings, and the importance of learning to use the guitar dot position markers on the neck. In this lesson we will learn how to identify and use the guitar notes based upon using these position markers.
Some keys and chords in music are used much more often than others, so focusing on learning the ones in this guitar lesson in the beginning will provide more opportunities to practice the notes and chords in the most common on the guitar.
The diagram shows the most common notes also used as chord positions based off the 6th string so they would be the ones a beginner should focus on.
For example the G note on the 6th string 3rd fret is where you would build a G Major, G minor, G7th or other G chords from. The G is the “root” meaning the other notes in the actual chord would be what determine whether the chord is Major or minor and so forth.
The same idea would apply to the A note on the 6th string at the 5th fret as another example. By learning the position markers on the guitar neck you can use them to not only stay aware of where your fingers are but to actually build the chords which you want to play. As you can see in the diagram, the guitar dots do not always indicate one of these common notes. The 6th string F note for example has no dot in the first position and the C in the 8th position as well as the D in the 10th position do not have dot position markers either.
This is where things can get a little more difficult to learn, yet memorizing them is important since these are the way you can locate the specific notes and chords on the guitar neck.
Knowing all of the notes on the guitar neck is important, but for beginners it makes sense to focus on learning the most common notes as well as chords. This will give you more opportunities to apply what you are learning to what you actually play. For instance, there are not nearly as many songs in the key of G# as there are in G. Actually that would be considered rare in most popular music so it only makes sense to learn how to use the ones most commonly used in music.
Now that you see how this works on the 6th string you can apply this to the other strings. Take the 5th string for example. As we learned in the previous lesson about learning the notes on the guitar, the open 5th string is an A note. By looking at the diagram in this lesson you can see that the B note is one whole step (2 actual frets) above the A note. This means that the 5th string 2nd fret is a B note. Another example would be the 5th string 3rd fret which is a C note. As the diagram indicates the C note is one half step (1 actual fret) above the B note. We will take a closer look at this concept and terminology in the next easy online lesson about learning the guitar notes part three.
By using the diagram here as a guide you can learn how to play all of the guitar notes based off of each open string. They will always follow the same pattern. Also remember that the guitar notes start all over again at the 12th fret. This is considered the beginning of the second octave on the instruments neck so the notes at the 12th position are exactly the same as the open string notes which makes things a little easier.